In 1864 the International Workingmen’s Association, the First International, was founded in London. Its provisional rules ran as follows: the emancipation of the working classes must be conquered by the working classes themselves.
The Second International, founded in Paris in 1889, undertook to carry on the work of the First International. But in 1914, at the beginning of the First World War, it suffered complete breakdown. Undermined by opportunism and shattered by the treachery of its leaders, who went over to the side of the bourgeoisie, the Second International collapsed.
The Communist International, founded in March 1919 and initiated by Lenin solemnly declares before the entire world that it undertakes to continue and to carry through to the end the great work begun by the First International Workingmen’s Association.
The Communist International was formed after the conclusion of the imperialist war of 1914-18, in which the imperialist bourgeoisie of the different countries sacrificed 20 million men. The victory of the Great October Socialistic Revolution in Russia held by Bolsheviks Party became the result of the War. Imperialism unleashed the Second World War 1939-1945 led to even greater sacrifices paid by the workingmen in the struggles against fascism and imperialism. Crucial role in the defeat of the Nazi Germany played the Soviet Union. The rise of of anti-imperialist and anti-fascist forces around the world led in the post-war years to the creation of a world socialist system. The victory of the revolutions in Eastern Europe, China, North Korea, Vietnam and Cuba became possible due to outstanding role of Stalin, the leader of the world communist movement.
In 1943, in the midst of the Second World War, The Communist International was dissolved. This was due to the fact that most European and Asian countries were under occupation by the fascist states. In such a situation, the Comintern had limited opportunities to influence the policies of the communist parties, as well as provide them with effective assistance.
In 1953, after the death of Joseph Stalin, opportunists and revisionists came to power in the USSR, and then in most other socialist countries. Their destructive activities led to the death of the socialist camp in 1991. Since then, the world communist movement has been in the deepest crisis. In December 2018, in order to overcome the crisis, the international initiative group decided to restore the activities of the Communist International and form its organizational apparatus.
The restored Comintern — the Communist Bolshevik International (CIB) sets the following goal for the working people of the whole world: to fight by all available means, including armed struggle for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and the creation of a new world union of Soviet socialist republics as a transitional stage to the complete abolition of the State. The Communist International considers the dictatorship of the proletariat the only possible way to liberate mankind from the horrors of capitalism. The Communist International considers the Soviet power the most acceptable form of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
The Communist International of the Bolsheviks recognizes that in order to hasten victory, the Workingmen’s Association which is fighting to annihilate capitalism and create communism must have a strongly centralized organization. The Communist International must, in fact and in deed, be a single communist party of the entire world. The parties working in the various countries are but its separate sections. The organizational machinery of the Communist International must guarantee the workers of each country the opportunity of getting the utmost help from the organized proletariat of other countries at any given moment.
For this purpose the Communist International of the Bolsheviks ratifies the following statutes:
Names and Objects
- The International Association of Workers is established to organize joint communist parties of different countries, and also other structures established by Comintern and its members which pursue the one goal: The Comintern fights for winning the majority of the working people to the side of the principles and goals of communism, the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat and of an international Soviet republic which will complete abolishment of all classes and realize socialism, the first stage of communist society.
- The new international association of workers is called ‘The Communist International’. Abbreviated form is Comintern.
- All legal political parties belonging to the Communist International of the Bolsheviks bear the name ‘Communist Party of such and such a country (section of the Communist International)’. Illegal parties and organizations belonging to the Comintern, in agreement with the Executive Committee, may have other names. In each country there can be only one party that is part of the Comintern.
- A member of the Communist Party and the Comintern can be anyone who recognizes the program and statutes of the Communist Party of the respective country and the Comintern, who holds Marxist-Leninist positions, who is a member of the main grass-roots party organization and actively works in it, obeys all decisions of the party and the Comintern, and regularly pays membership fees.
- The basic unit of the Communist Party organization is the cell in the place of employment or at the place of residence where all members of the Party must enter.
- The ComIntern and its Sections are built up on the basis of democratic centralism, the fundamental principles of which are: (a) election of all the leading committees of the Party, subordinate and superior (by general meetings of Party members, conferences, and congresses); (b) periodical reports by leading Party committees to their electorate; (c) decisions of superior Party committees to be obligatory for subordinate committees, strict Party discipline and prompt execution of the decisions made by Communist International Executive Committees and of the leading Party centres.
In cases where a Party exists illegally, the superior Party committees may appoint the subordinate committees and co-opt members, subject to subsequent endorsement by the superior Party committees.
The World Congress of the Communist International
- The supreme body of the Communist International is the World Congress of representatives of all Parties (Sections) and organizations affiliated to the Communist International.
The World Congress discusses and decides the programme, and tactical and organizational questions connected with the activities of the Communist International and of its various Sections.
The World Congress shall be convened depending on a specific political situation but not less than once every five years. The dates and terms of the Congress and the number of representatives from the various Sections to be determined by the Executive Committee of the ComIntern. The number of votes for each Section at the World Congress shall be determined by a special resolution of the Executive Committee in accordance with the number of members of the given Party and political significance of the given country. Delegates to the Congress must have a free mandate; no imperative mandate can be recognized and will be annulated in advance.
- The Extraordinary World Congress of the ComIntern can be convened at the request of several parties that had at least half the casting votes jointly at the last ComIntern Congress.
- The World Congress elects the Executive Committee of the ComIntern and the International Control Commission (I.C.C.).
- The World Congress has the right to expel parties and organizations that violate the requirements of this Statute and the Program from the ComIntern, if the Executive Committee of the ComIntern submits a request to do so.
The Executive Committee of the Communist International and its Subsidiary Bodies.
- The Executive Committee of the ComIntern (ECCI ) is the governing body of the ComIntern of Bolsheviks (CIB) in the period between world congresses, it provides assistance and support to the parties and organizations members of the CIB, and also monitors their activities. The ECCI issues the central CIB body.
- The decisions of the E.C.C.I. are obligatory for all the Sections of the Communist International and must be promptly carried out. The Sections have the right to appeal against decisions of the E.C.C.I to the World Congress, but must continue to carry out such decisions pending the decision of the World Congress.
- The Central Committees of the various Sections of the Communist International are responsible to their respective Party Congresses and to the E.C.C.I. The latter has the right to cancel or amend decisions of Party Congresses and of Central Committees of Parties and also to make decisions which are obligatory for them.
- The Executive Committee of the Communist International has the right to demand to expel parties, groups or persons who offend against Program and Statute. The final decision is taken by the Congress.
- The programs of the various Sections of the Communist International must be endorsed by the E.C.C.I. In case if the E.C.C.I. refusing to endorse the program, the Section concerned has the right to appeal to the World Congress of the Communist International.
- The leading organs of the press of the various Sections of the Communist International must publish all the decisions and official documents of the E.C.C.I. These decisions must, as far as possible, be published also in the other organs of the Party press.
- The Executive Committee of the Communist International has the right to accept organizations and parties which, while not belonging to the Communist International, sympathize with and stand near to it.
- The E.C.C.I. elects a Presidium responsible to the E.C.C.I., which acts as the permanent body carrying out all the business of the E.C.C.I. in the interval between the meetings of the latter.
- The E.C.C.I. and its presidium have the right to send their representatives to the various Sections of the Communist International. Such representatives receive instructions from the E.C.C.I. or from its Presidium, and are responsible for their activities. Representatives of the E.C.C.I. have the right to participate in meetings of the central Party bodies as well as of the local organizations of the Sections to which they are sent. Representatives of the E.C.C.I. must carry out their commission in close contact with the Central Committee of the Section to which they are sent. They may, however, speak in opposition to the Central Committee of the given Section, at Congresses and Conferences of that Section, if the line of the Central Committee in question diverges from the instructions of the E.C.C.I. Representatives of the E.C.C.I. are especially obliged to supervise the carrying out of the decisions of the World Congresses and of the Executive Committee of the Communist International.
- Meetings of the E.C.C.I. must take place at least once a month. Meetings are empowered in the presence of at least half of the members of the E.C.C.I. Prior to the restoration congress of the ComIntern, the ECCI is formed from the members of the international initiative group.
International Control Commission.
- The International Control Commission investigates matters concerning the following:
(a) Examines complaints against the actions of E.C.C.I. and examines proposals on how to eliminate the existing defects
(b) Examines complaints from individuals or organizations to disciplinary measures applied to them by sections
(c) Audits the accounts of the Communist International
(d) Audits the accounts of certain Sections by resolution of the E.C.C.I. of the Presidium or Org.Bureau.
The International Control Commission does not intervene in the political or organizational and administrative affairs that may exist between the Communist Parties as well as between various Sections. The headquarters of the I.C.C. are arranged by the E.C.C.I together with I.C.C.
- The Statutes of the Communist International of the Bolsheviks (temporary), as currently drafted, will be valid until its adoption by the ComIntern Congress.